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首席收藏网 > 数据中心 > Stack's Bowers and Ponterio > SBP2020年3月巴尔地摩#5-Pogue集藏VI

Lot:6109 Friedberg 365. 1891 $5 Treasury Note. PMG Choice Uncirculated 64.

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世界钱币

USD 12500 - 17500

SBP2020年3月巴尔地摩#5-Pogue集藏VI

2020-03-20 06:30:00

2020-03-20 09:30:00

USD 11100

SBP

成交

Friedberg 365. 1891 $5 Treasury Note. PMG Choice Uncirculated 64. Just 31 serial numbers are recorded in the Track & Price census for this rare Lyons-Roberts signed 1891 $5 Treasury Note variety. The presently offered example is the finest graded by PMG. Boldly inked engraved design elements are nicely framed by ample margins. The red overprints are vibrant and boldly inked. PMG comments "Minor Restoration" on the back of the holder.<br style="box-sizing:border-box;color:#333333;font-family:Avenir, Roboto, Helvetica Neue, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif;font-size:14px;background-color:#ffffff;" />This $5 note features the portrait of General George H. Thomas, nicknamed "The Rock of Chickamauga." Unlike most Union generals Thomas was a southerner, born in Newsoms Depot, Virginia in 1816. His family owned slaves who worked their plantation-style farm, and as a young man Thomas witnessed first-hand the violent slave rebellion led by Nat Turner. In 1836 Thomas was appointed to the United States Military Academy at West Point, where he was a close friend and roommate of William T. Sherman.<br style="box-sizing:border-box;color:#333333;font-family:Avenir, Roboto, Helvetica Neue, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif;font-size:14px;background-color:#ffffff;" /><br style="box-sizing:border-box;color:#333333;font-family:Avenir, Roboto, Helvetica Neue, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif;font-size:14px;background-color:#ffffff;" />After graduation Thomas served in an artillery company where he became close friends with future Confederate general Braxton Bragg. In 1851 Thomas returned to West Point as an instructor working closely under the schools superintendent Robert E. Lee. While an instructor at West Point, Thomas taught future Confederate generals J.E.B. Stuart and Fitzhugh Lee. In 1855 Thomas was made a Major in the 2nd Cavalry by Secretary of War Jefferson Davis. Many of the cavalrys officers were southerners and when the Civil War broke out in 1861, 19 of the 36 officers resigned, including superiors Albert Sidney Johnston and Robert E. Lee.<br style="box-sizing:border-box;color:#333333;font-family:Avenir, Roboto, Helvetica Neue, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif;font-size:14px;background-color:#ffffff;" /><br style="box-sizing:border-box;color:#333333;font-family:Avenir, Roboto, Helvetica Neue, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif;font-size:14px;background-color:#ffffff;" />Many southern-born officers struggled with loyalty to their home states and to the Union they served. Virginians especially resigned their United States Army commissions in support of defending their home state. Perhaps influenced by his northern-born wife, Thomas stayed with the Union Army. In response, Thomas family back home, including his five siblings, completely disowned him and remained estranged from him for the rest of his life.<br style="box-sizing:border-box;color:#333333;font-family:Avenir, Roboto, Helvetica Neue, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif;font-size:14px;background-color:#ffffff;" /><br style="box-sizing:border-box;color:#333333;font-family:Avenir, Roboto, Helvetica Neue, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif;font-size:14px;background-color:#ffffff;" />Thomas was rapidly promoted through the ranks at the onset of the war, achieving the rank of major general by April 1862. Thomas earned his nickname while leading the defense of a Union retreat at the Battle of Chickamauga on September 19, 1863. As Union lines collapsed against a brutal Confederate assault led by Thomas old friend Braxton Bragg, Thomas rallied shattered units at Horseshoe Ridge to hold off the advancing Confederate forces long enough to prevent an all-out rout. Future president James Garfield, who was serving as a Union field officer during the battle and had visited Thomas on the field, reported back that Thomas was standing "like a rock" in defense of his position. <br style="box-sizing:border-box;color:#333333;font-family:Avenir, Roboto, Helvetica Neue, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif;font-size:14px;background-color:#ffffff;" />In the post-war Reconstruction era Thomas led various military districts, setting up commissions to protect the rights of freeman and using military forces to defend against threats of the Ku Klux Klan. He was serving as commander of the Military District of the Pacific in San Francisco when he died from a stroke in 1870 at the age of 53. None of Thomas blood relatives attended his funeral. He was buried in Troy, New York. <em>From Currency Auctions of Americas sale of May 1996; lot 1640; Lyn Knights sale of August 2005; lot 1483.</em>