Lot:52307  孙像三鸟民国21年壹毫下三鸟 PCGS SP 62

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拍品分类 机制银币>民国中央>孙像三鸟>民国21年>壹毫>下三鸟 品相 PCGS SP62
拍品估价 USD 20000 - 30000 成交价 USD 0
拍卖专场 SBP2019年8月香港-机制币中央 世界钱币 拍卖公司 SBP
开拍日期 2019-08-21 10:00:00 结标日期 2019-08-19 19:00:00 拍卖状态 预展
拍品描述 民囯二十一年孙中山像金本位一毫样币。费城造币厂。 光边,每一细节均清晰精美,展现了费城造币厂一贯的高超工艺水准。光滑表面覆盖柔暖灰色包浆,图文环绕虹彩亮泽。极其稀罕,藏家竞逐,值得跻身世界顶级收藏。

在辛亥革命后的数十年中,中国为建立有效的金融政策及统一货币制度而历经艰辛。民国十八年秋,南京政府特聘美国教授甘末尔 (Edwin Kemmerer) 来华,嘱其对当时中国的金融状况作出详细报告并提出政策建议。甘末尔是知名的币制专家,人称"货币博士",是坚定的金本位制拥护者。他在1900年代初担任菲律宾财政顾问时,便将菲律宾币值改革成金本位制。返美后,他于1910至1920年代间在康乃尔大学及普林斯顿大学任教,后又为中南美洲多国政府担当财政顾问。

甘氏组织起一个委员会,就南京政府要求,对当时中国的金融状况作出详细报告并提出政策建议,最终的成果报告于1930年提交,史称《甘末尔草案》,主张政府逐步发行金本位制货币,货币形制可与已流通的孙像背帆银币相近,惟其币值定为"孙",如一孙、半孙等。接著,南京政府便订购了新国币的模具和样币,而报告内容于民国二十年才公开发表。币值为"孙"的新币模具由上海中央造币厂的美籍总技师赫维特 (Clifford Hewitt) 设计,委请美国费城造币厂总雕刻师辛诺克 (John Sinnock) 製作,背面图案里,空中的三鸟移到了水面下方的位置。这一设计变化或与1933年将三鸟图案删除的设计在时间上相差无几,可参见Kann的説法:"日出图案可能与日本国徽混淆,而鸟图则形似日本轰炸机。

"面值方面,"金本位制一圆"取代了面值文字较短的"一圆"。其他的"孙"币设计图案大抵相同,仅面值有所更改。新国币模具由美国宾夕法尼亚州铸币厰製造,模具完成后又铸少许样币,一同运至上海中央造币厂。金本位币制项目最终宣告流产,制下所有面值均只有极少数目留存。

CHINA. Silver Gold Standard 1/10 Sun (10 Cents) Pattern, Year 21 (1932). Philadelphia Mint. PCGS SPECIMEN-62 Gold Shield. L&M-107; KM-Pn125; K-631a; WS-0143; Shanghai Museum-Mr. Shi Jiagan s collection-pg.131 # 611. Plain Edge. Sharply struck as would be expected being a Philadelphia mint product with every detail clearly defined displaying lovely smooth surfaces accentuated by beautiful soft gray tone throughout highlighted by iridescent hues amongst the devices. EXTREMELY RARE and highly coveted, destined for an advanced collection of the highest caliber.

The unadopted Gold Standard series gives testament to China s struggles to find a workable financial policy in decades following the 1911 Revolution and the ensuing travails during the drive towards full unification. In an effort to find this elusive solution, the Nanjing Government invited foreign economists to give a detailed report on the state of Chinese finances and offer recommendations on policy change and fiscal structure. This overview was known as the Kemmerer Report and advocated the gradual introduction of coins issued on the gold standard with the design similar to the already circulating Sun Yat-sen "Junk" Dollars with the monetary unit and its fractions known as "1 Sun, 1/2 Sun, etc". The commission brought in by the Nanking Government was headed by world renowned "Money Doctor" Professor Edwin Kemmerer.

In the early 1900 s Kemmerer had been appointed as the Financial Adviser to the United States Philippine Commission and as an outspoken advocate and ardent defender of the gold standard he developed the plan which placed the Philippine monetary system under it. Throughout the 1910s and 20s Kemmerer worked alternately as professor at Cornell and Princeton and as an economic adviser to several countries, predominantly in Central and South America. Eventually he became the leader of advisory commissions which allowed for much more in depth analysis and recommendation, as was done in the case of the Kemmerer Commission which was summoned to China in the autumn of 1929 and did not deliver its final report until late autumn of 1930. This report was not released to the public until May of the following year, after which the order for dies and trials were placed. The U.S. Mint at Philadelphia was contracted to produce the dies for the proposed "Sun" units which maintained the overall appearance of the concurrent "Birds Over Junk" Dollars with modifications to the Reverse design.

Prepared by the then Chief Engraver John Sinnock, the modified design moved the three geese from soaring over the junk to skimming along the water just below it. This modification may coincide with the removal of the geese altogether from the design of the regular Dollars of 1933 as according to Kann, "Because the rising sun might have been confounded with the national emblem of Japan, and the wild geese likened to oncoming Japanese warplanes". Additionally a legend was added stating, "Gold Standard Currency One Dollar" in place of the simple denomination, "One Yuan".

The subsequent fractional "Suns" share these design elements with of course the appropriate changes to the denominations. Once the dies were prepared, a small trial run of pieces were struck and along with the dies were shipped to Shanghai where famed mechanical engineer Clifford Hewitt had established a new modern mint, having been under contract by the Chinese government since 1920 following the opening of the Manila Mint which he helped set up. Ultimately the project was abandoned resulting in few surviving examples of any denomination.

From the Mas Fera Collection.
With old collector s envelope.