亲,请登录 | 免费注册 | 联系客服

客服QQ:18520648
微信账号:shouxicom
电话:0086-10-62669610

| 手机首席

关注首席官方微信号
掌握最新最全钱币动态

联合创办 CICE/HKCS 系列钱币展销会

联合创办 CICE/HKCS 系列钱币展销会

首席收藏网 > 数据中心 > Stack's Bowers and Ponterio > SBP2021年11月#1-E Pluribus Unum集藏

Lot:10101 1890年本杰明印第安和平奖章 完未流通 Benjamin Harrison Indian Peace Medal

上一件 进入专场 下一件

世界钱币>纪念章

USD 40000

SBP2021年11月#1-E Pluribus Unum集藏

2021-11-22 04:00:00

2021-11-22 08:00:00

完未流通

USD 60000

SBP

成交

Undated (ca. 1890) Benjamin Harrison Indian Peace Medal. Silver. Julian IP-48, Prucha-58. Choice Very Fine. 76.4 mm. 3714.1 grains. Pierced for suspension at 12:00 with a loop of the original style, though we suspect it to be a replacement. Mostly light silver gray with some deeper gray patina outlining the motifs and letters of the legend, making them stand out visually a bit more than they otherwise would. Numerous tiny marks and a few fine scratches are noted under magnification, while a gentle rim bump is visible near 6:00. <p> <p>Though this is the third example we have sold in the span of precisely one year, this is very much an anomaly in the data that suggests these medals are far more common than they truly are. In fact, the silver medals of Benjamin Harrison have long been considered among the toughest examples to acquire. The first we sold was in 2001, and at the time, there had not been an example sold at auction since 1936, that we are aware of. The Ford sales in 2006 and 2007 released three into the market that had been hidden away for decades (including both medals sold in 1936). A new example was presented by us in 2015, and that has made a repeat appearance. The result is that, all of a sudden, Harrison medals are seemingly frequently offered, but the fact remains that there are very few of these, indeed. Just 27 specimens are believed to have been issued originally, and there are only eight survivors known to the present writer, three of which are in institutional collections. This medal has a fascinating story.<p> <p>Into the reverse has been engraved the name BULL BEAR and CHEYENNE at the tops of the two medallions. These are hand-cut letters, identifying the likely original recipient. Below the name has been added, DIED KINGFISHER, OKLA 1909. This was applied later, by the same party who added the date "1889" to the obverse, and the edge inscription which we will discuss later. "Bull Bear" probably refers to Old Bull Bear, the medal likely inherited by his son, Young Bull Bear, after the elder died in 1892. The image reproduced in our catalog features Young Bull Bear wearing this medal, seated next to his brother, Crooked Nose (also identified as Richard A. Davis), taken in 1904, reportedly at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition. Ownership of the photo negative is attributed to the Field Museum in Chicago. Young Bull Bear is indeed buried at Kingfisher City Cemetery, with his date of death given as July 7, 1910. Chief Three Fingers, who also owned a Harrison medal (sold by us in November 2020), is buried at Kingfisher as well.<p> <p>Old Bull Bear was aged, but still alive when the first of the Harrison medals were distributed, in 1890. He might seem an unlikely original recipient based on the fact that, for most of his life, he had not been considered friendly to the whites. He mistrusted them, particularly so after his brother, Lean Bear, was killed while wearing a Peace medal Abraham Lincoln had granted him while part of a delegation visiting Washington in 1863. Old Bull Bear became the fourth leader of the Dog Soldiers or Dog Men, one of the Cheyenne Warrior Societies, which resisted westward expansion of the United States. However, he is listed as the first signer of the Medicine Lodge Treaty of 1867, which is evidence of a change in his approach to dealing with the United States. <p> <p>Benjamin Harrison established the Cherokee Commission in 1889 to work toward legal acquisition of tribal lands for settlement. Between May 1890 and November 1892, 11 agreements were signed between the United States and various affected tribes. The Cheyenne and Arapaho agreement was signed in October 1890, and while we do not have the names of those who signed on behalf of the Cheyenne, it is possible that Old Bull Bear, then an elder who had previously signed a treaty in 1867, might have been among them. It is also possible that Young Bull Bear took a leadership role in the 1890 Agreement signing and attracted the attention of the U.S. Government in doing so, directly earning this medal for himself. It is unlikely that this will ever be deciphered with certainty.<p> <p>As noted above, the date "1889" has been punched into Harrisons lower lapel. Using the same style of individual punches, a presentation inscription has been applied to the edge: PRESENTED TO WHITE EAGLE. JR. JOE DAVIS * PAWNEE INDIAN * CHEYENNE INDIANS. <p> <p>An applied date on a Peace medal is suggestive of a date of presentation or of an historical moment relating to the history of the medal, but this is not the case here. Most of the presidential Peace medal issues that had come before bore a date matching the year of the Presidents inauguration (Lincolns issue being a notable exception to the rule). Someone thought this Harrison needed a date, and was seemingly aware of the dating convention, applying 1889, the year before these medals were struck and first presented. <p> <p>The related edge inscription is far more interesting. White Eagle, Jr. was also known as Joe Davis, but even better known as "Indian Joe Davis," a Vaudeville and Wild West show performer and master rope handler. A passage relating to him is found in <em>Starring Red Wing, The Incredible Career of Lillian M. St. Cyr, the First Native American Film Star, </em>by Linda M. Waggoner, which suggests that his "Indian roots" were "tenuous" and that he was "likely a Mexican ranch hand [who] had learned fancy rope training in Texas and Oklahoma." According to Waggoner, he claimed to have been born on a Nebraska reservation, but the date given was after the Pawnee had left the area for Oklahoma, and further, that "tribal records for White Eagle, Sr. dont support Daviss claim." Waggoner does note that prior to establishing his own stage act, he had performed in more famous Wild West shows operated by Dick Elliott, Pawnee Bill and Buffalo Bill Cody. <p> <p>His act was frequently promoted in local newspapers. A quick search revealed notices dated between 1911 and 1927. We have also seen a promotional postcard for him, featuring an image of him with some of his props. In that image, draped over a bench, appear to be four medals, one of which might be this very example. We know that Davis owned more than a single medal, as an example of the U.S. Mint Washington medal (Prucha-60) bearing a similar "Joe Davis" edge inscription appeared in our Chris Schenkel sale in November 1990. That medal is now owned by the Nebraska State Historical Society. In another image of him, he is wearing two medals around his neck, the bottom one likely this very piece, as the outline of Harrisons portrait can be discerned. It would appear that Davis marked other artifacts that he acquired to use in his act in a similar manner. A tomahawk bearing this similarly hand-punched inscription: "PRESENTED TO / WHITE EAGLE. JR * JOE DAVIS */ WATOMIE / INDIANS / OF KANSAS. / U. S. A. appeared in a February 2013 Skinner sale. <p> <p>In this medal, we have an artifact that bridges three distinctive but very significant themes. Primarily, we have a very rare silver Peace medal, an official government award based on a long tradition, but one that was coming to a close by the 1890s. The Harrison medals were the last official entry in this historical timeline. Secondly, this medal, with its recipients name boldly engraved into the silver, and seen worn around the neck of its owner in a 1904 photograph, speaks to immense pride of ownership, a central part of the long-standing tradition of these medals from the perspectives of the recipients. Thirdly, this medal in particular is an artifact of the exploitation of Native American themes in popular culture, one that may have begun with Wild West shows, but has taken many forms over the years-cigar store Indians, television westerns, and the naming of sports teams being prime examples.<p> <em>From the E Pluribus Unum Collection. Earlier from Old Bull Bear of the Cheyenne (likely); Young Bull Bear of the Cheyenne; apparently gifted to White Eagle, Jr. (</em><em>"Indian Joe Davis</em><em>") in the early 20th century; Charles P. Senter, Anderson Galleries (Wayte Raymond), October 1933, lot 85; Charles H. Fisher, March 1936, lot </em><em>769; F.C.C. Boyd Estate; </em><em>John J. Ford, Jr.; our (Stacks) sale of the John J. Ford, Jr. Collection, Part XVI, October 2006:177.</em><em></em>

价格参考 Price Guide