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首席收藏网 > 数据中心 > MONNAIES DE COLLECTION SARL > MDC2021年10月(#8)-钱币专场

Lot:353 徐世昌像民国十年无币值光边带英文 PCGS SP Genuine Dollar Xu Shichang avec attribution au Dr J. A. BUSSIÈRE

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EUR 40000


2021-10-20 19:30:00

2021-10-21 23:30:00

PCGS SPGenuine

EUR 246000



CHINE République de Chine (1912-1949). Dollar Xu Shichang, tranche lisse, avec attribution au Dr J. A. BUSSIÈRE An 10 (1921). PCGS SP Genuine Repaired - AU Detail (41321149).Av. Buste de trois-quarts face de Xu Shichang (Hsu Shih-Chang). Rv. Légende en caractères chinois. Vue de l’entrée du pavillon de l’Hôpital de Pékin. K.676a - L&M.957 ; Argent - 26,5 g - 39 mm - 12 h Provient de la collection du Dr Jean Augustin Bussière, médecin et conseiller de la présidence chinoise de 1916 à 1924 : avec son attribution au Dr Bussière, conseiller médical du président XU Shichang.

中華民国(1912-1949) 徐世昌 ドル銀貨 プレーンエッジ J. A. ビュシエール医師への進呈品 民国10年 (1921年)表面 : 徐世昌のやや左向き正面胸像裏面 : 中国語で銘文 北京病院の病棟入口風景K.676a - L&M.957 ; Silver - 26,5 g - 39 mm - 12 h.来歴 : 中国大総統顧問医 (1916-1924) ジャン=オギュスタン・ビュシエール・コレクション : 徐世昌大総統の顧問医ビュシエール医師に進呈された一枚 PCGS SP Genuine Repaired - AU Detail. プレーンエッジ 歴史的に貴重な唯一品 軽い洗浄痕 極美品〜完全未使用裏面に書かれたとおり、ジャン=オギュスタン・ビュシエール仏人軍医(1872-1958)に進呈された唯一品。ジャン=オギュスタン・ビュシエールは高校卒業後、1890年にブレスト海軍医学校に入学、次いでボルドー海軍植民地医学校を1895年に卒業。

シェルブール病院に配属されるとほぼ同時に、ペストやコレラが蔓延していたセネガルに出向。その後は仏領インドへ配属され、カーライッカール、マーヒ、ポンディシェリにて勤務し学長を務めます。そこでリヨン出身卸売商人の娘に出会い、結婚。1902年トンキンにて、サイゴン・パスツール研究所のワクチン研究チームの強化に力を入れます。ペルシア勤務を経て、フランスに帰国すると植民地保健所の所長補佐に就任。細菌学者イェルサン (ペスト菌を発見)の医学的な挑戦に影響を受け、自身も41歳にして中国・天津へ渡ることを決意、以後四十年以上を中国で過ごすこととなります。

大総統顧問医に就任し、1916年ワット・ウィング医師と共に終末期の袁世凱を担当。以来、大総統顧問医として、黎元洪(1916-1917)、馮国璋(1917-1918)、徐世昌(1918-1922)、曹錕(1923-1924)に仕えます。その間、中国においてフランス人として大きな存在感を示したことから、北京アリアンス・フランセーズ館長、フランス赤十字社の北京委員会委員長に任命されます。北京北西の農村部に土地を所有して庭園を造り、都会の富裕層のお金を田舎の貧しい人々の診療に充てました。第二次世界大戦中、日本軍と戦う中国人を危険を顧みず助けたとして中国の英雄となったことは、のちの習近平 国家主席の2014年訪仏の際にも語られました。1954年フランスへ帰国、シウール河流域の生まれ故郷で余生を過ごし、86歳で死去。

Republic of China (1912-1949). Xu Shichang dollar, plain edge, with attribution to Dr J. A. BUSSIÈRE, Year 10 (1921). Unique, of the greatest historical interest! Av. Xu Shichang (Hsu Shih-Chang) Three-quarters bust.Rv. Chinese characters text. Beijing Hospital pavilion entrance view.K.676a - L & M.957; Silver - 26.5 g - 39 mm - 12 h.Provenance from Dr Jean-Augustin Bussière collection, doctor and adviser to the Chinese Presidents between 1916 and 1924: bears the attribution to Dr Bussière, adviser to President XU Shichang.

PCGS SP Genuine Repaired – AU Detail. Plain edge. Lightly cleaned. Very fine to Extremely fine.Unique, with attribution on the reverse, to Doctor Jean Augustin Bussière (1872-1958), French military doctor. After his baccalaureate, Jean Augustin Bussière joined the Brest Eìcole de Meìdecine de la Marine in 1890, then the Bordeaux Ecole de Meìdecine de la Marine et des Colonies. He goes to Cherbourg in 1895 and soon after to Senegal where plague, cholera and other tropical diseases were rife. He then works in French India, Karical, Mahé and Pondicherry, where he manages the Medicine School and meets his wife, she is daughter of Lyon traders. In 1902 he reinforced the vaccination team at the Institut Pasteur in Saigon (Tonkin, Northern Vietnam) before being appointed in Persia. He then travels back to France and becomes deputy to the Director of the Colonial Health Service.

Admirer of Yersins medical discoveries he chooses to go to Tianjin in China, 41 years old, he is then unaware he will be in China for the next 41 years. He becomes the medical advisor of the Chinese presidency and shares with Dr. Watt Wing the last days of Yuan Shikai in 1916. He then is doctor to presidents Li Yuanhong (1916-1917), Feng Guozhang (1917-1918), Xu Shichang (1918-1922) or Cao Kun (1923-1924). He becomes a major figure of the French presence in China and is appointed Alliance Française director and French Red Cross Beijing committee chairman. On his country estate northwest of Beijing, he grows a garden and looks after the needy in the countryside using the wealthier city citizens’ funds. During WWII, defying danger he helped the Chinese fight against the Japanese invaders and becomes a hero for China and is so described by President Xi-Jinping during his visit in France in 2014. In 1954, back in France, he returned to his native village by the Sioule river and passes away the age of 86.The "Emperors Doctor’s” coinage.Jean-Augustin Bussière (1872-1958) was the son of a schoolteacher and grew up in the French countryside. The eldest of seven children, he began his career as a military doctor in 1890. Upon leaving the Navy, he joined the Colonial School of Health (École de Santé de la Marine et des Colonies).

From 1895 to 1912 he participated in the fight against smallpox, plague and cholera in Senegal, Pondicherry, Saigon, Shiraz and Bushehrl. He greatly admired Louis Pasteur. He received many awards and was appointed deputy director of the Colonial Troops Health Service in Paris. From 1909 to 1912 he was the family doctor for French President Maréchal Joffre. In 1913 he went to China as Chief Medical Officer of the 16th Colonial Infantry Regiment in Tientsin. He was a professor at the School of Naval Medicine. A year later he is appointed doctor for the French Legation in Beijing and the chief doctor of the Saint-Michel French hospital. As a surgeon he treated everyone - from the poorest citizens to dignitaries of the Imperial Court, foreign citizens and New China officials. Victor Ségalen, when he left to study sculptures in Western China, selected him to be medical adviser to President Yuan Shikai and his son Yuan Keding. With his Chinese counterpart, Dr. Watt Wing Tsas, he supported the Chinese leader and his claim to be Emperor. For his support he received exceptional medals and Essais from Yuan Shikai himself.After serving Yuan Shikai, he was named the “Emperors Doctor” by the press.

Until 1924 he was the medical adviser to presidents Li Yuanhong, Feng Guozhang, Xu Shichang, and Cao Kun. He was named Dean of Aurora University in Shanghai, with Li Shizheng he co-founded the Sino-French University and its medical branch and was named President of the University of Peking. In 1925 he was called to the bedside of Sun Yatsen, founder of the Chinese Republic, and was present at his death. He was President of the Alliance Française and the French Red Cross in Beijing.When he was not in the operating room, this eclectic humanist met in his “literary salon”, which was close to the Forbidden City, with Chinese writers, travelers, diplomats, scholars and artists such as Xi Baishi, Mei Lanfan at Hutong Ta Tien Shui Tsing, Saint John Perse, Teilhard de Chardin, Alexandra David-Neel, Swen Hedin, Claude Farrère and Paul Pelliot. In 1937 he retired.

He opposed the cruelty the Chinese imposed on the Japanese during the occupation. After his children and grandchildren left, he became friends with a young Chinese artist. Threatened by the new regime, having spent 41 years in Beijing, in 1954 Jean-Augustin Bussière returned to France accompanied by his young wife Wu Sidan. He retired not far from the village where he grew up, Châteauneuf- les-Bains. He died four years later in 1958 at age 85.In 2014, on the 50th Anniversary of French-Chinese relations, he was remembered for his heroic services during WWII when he carried bandages and medicines by bike from Saint-Michel Hospital through the Japanese lines to his dispensary located 40 km in the hills of Xishan to treat wounded Chinese and the rearguard. These unique coins and proof strikes were gifts from Chinese Presidents in gratitude for his service to the nation. Jean-Louis Bussière, fils de Jean-Augustin Bussière.

PCGS SP Genuine Repaired - AU Detail (41321149). Tranche lisse. Unique et du plus grand intérêt historique. Légèrement nettoyé sinon TTB à superbe.

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