1723 Woods Hibernia Halfpenny. Martin 4.5-Fa.4, W-13470. Rarity-4. MS-63 BN (PCGS). This handsome piece is sharply defined for all major design elements. The strike is drawn trivially to 1 oclock on the obverse, a bit more so toward the lower reverse, but denticulation is at least partially discernible in all areas around both sides. Warmly patinated in ruddy-brown, direct lighting calls forth faint remnants of original mint color from the protected areas around several of the peripheral features on the reverse. Satiny in texture and smooth in hand, this is an inviting Choice example that would do nicely in a Mint State type set of colonial coinage.At nearly the same time that he received a patent from the English crown to produce his Rosa Americana coinage for the American colonies, William Wood received a second patent to strike copper coinage for circulation in Ireland. Wood was a metallurgist living in Stafford, England and had expressed interest in producing coins for the crown as early as 1717. He received his patent for the Irish coinage from King George I on June 16, 1722 (it was not ratified until July 22 of that year). Coinage began in 1722 and continued through 1724, with examples produced in farthing and halfpenny denominations. They proved extremely unpopular in Ireland, however, where the coins were viewed as having been produced without local consent and for Woods personal profit, largely utilizing underweight planchets. Although not originally intended for circulation in the American colonies like his Rosa Americana coinage, many of Woods Hibernia coppers found their way across the Atlantic after being rejected in Ireland. As such, the series has long been viewed as an integral part of the early American coinage family.