1828 Classic Head Half Cent. 13 Stars . MS-64 BN (PCGS).

1828 Cl

700
1856 Braided Hair Half Cent. Proof-64 BN (PCGS).

1856 Br

3600
1794 Liberty Cap Cent. Head of 1794. VF-25 BN (NGC).

1794 Li

1600
1802 Draped Bust Cent. VF-30 (PCGS).

1802 Dr

700
1819 Matron Head Cent. Small Date. MS-62 BN (PCGS). CAC.

1819 Ma

800
1820 Matron Head Cent. Large Date. MS-64 BN (PCGS). CAC.

1820 Ma

1000
1838 Modified Matron Head Cent. N-1. Rarity-1. MS-65 BN (PCGS). CAC.

1838 Mo

1300
1838 Modified Matron Head Cent. MS-64 BN (PCGS). CAC.

1838 Mo

900
1851 Braided Hair Cent. MS-62 BN (PCGS).

1851 Br

200
1851 Braided Hair Cent. MS-62 BN (PCGS).

1851 Br

200
1853 Braided Hair Cent. AU-58 BN (NGC).

1853 Br

125
1862 Indian Cent. MS-65+ (PCGS). CAC.

1862 In

1200
1862 Indian Cent. MS-62 (NGC).

1862 In

125
1864 Indian Cent. Copper Nickel. MS-65 (PCGS). CAC.

1864 In

1000
1909 Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition. Gold Dollar. HK-360. Rarity-5. AU-58 (PCGS).

1909 Al

150
1788 (1904) Washington Monument Association Medal. Alexandria Lodge No. 22. Bronze. 40 mm. Baker-182

1788 (1

200
Milwaukee, Wisconsin. $20  1902 Plain Back. Fr. 658. The NB of Commerce. Charter #6853. PMG Very Fin

Milwauk

125 - 175
San Saba, Texas. $10  1902 Plain Back. Fr. 624. The First NB. Charter #7700. PMG Choice Fine 15.

San Sab

3000 - 5000
Cleveland, Ohio. $5  1902 Plain Back. Fr. 607. Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers Co-Operative NB.

Clevela

400 - 600
New York, New York. $5  1902 Plain Back. Fr. 598. The First NB of the City of New York. Charter #29.

New Yor

100 - 150
Humboldt, Illinois. $5  1929 Ty. 1. Fr. 1800-1. The First NB. Charter #7168. PMG Choice Extremely Fi

Humbold

400 - 600
Honolulu, Hawaii. $5  1902 Plain Back. Fr. 607. The First NB. Charter #5550. PMG Very Fine 20.

Honolul

1250 - 1750
San Francisco, California. $10  1902 Plain Back. Fr. 632. Wells Fargo Nevada NB. Charter #5105. PMG

San Fra

400 - 600
Sacramento, California. $10  1929 Ty. 1. Fr. 1801-1. The California NB. Charter #8504. PCGS Currency

Sacrame

600 - 800
Sacramento, California. $10  1929 Ty. 1. Fr. 1801-1. The California NB. Charter #8504. PCGS Currency

Sacrame

600 - 800
Fr. 2182-B. 2006A $100  Federal Reserve Note. New York. PCGS Currency Extremely Fine 45 PPQ. Type II

Fr. 218

1250 - 1750
Fr. 2126-D. 1996 $50  Federal Reserve Note. Cleveland. PCGS Currency Choice About New 55. Insufficie

Fr. 212

500 - 700
Fr. 2126-A. 1996 $50  Federal Reserve Note. Boston. PCGS Currency About New 50. Insufficient Inking

Fr. 212

500 - 700
Fr. 2126-?. 1996 $50  Federal Reserve Note. PCGS Currency Choice About New 58 PPQ. Missing Overprint

Fr. 212

600 - 800

Lot:91003  1670-A巴黎造币厂5Sols PCGS MS 62

进入专场

拍品分类 世界钱币 品相 PCGS MS62
拍品估价 USD 25000 成交价 USD 4920
拍卖专场 SBP2018年11月网拍-美国钱币 纸钞 拍卖公司 SBP
开拍日期 2018-11-02 00:00:00 结标日期 2018-11-02 07:00:00 拍卖状态 成交
拍品描述 1670-A巴黎造币厂5Sols PCGS MS 62

1670-A 5 Sols. Paris Mint. Martin 6-D, Lecompte-186, Hodder-3, W-11605. Rarity-4 (for the type). MS-62 (PCGS).This remarkable condition rarity is an excellent representative of this elusive and important French Colonial era type. Fully Mint State, both sides exhibit soft satin luster and surfaces that appear smooth enough to warrant consideration at the Choice level. The strike is soft in the centers with incomplete definition to King Louis hair and, on the reverse, the left junction of the shield and crown. Both sides retain original planchet roughness in the these areas. The detail is appreciably sharper toward the borders, where we note virtually complete denticulation from a well centered impression. Only the lower right obverse and upper right reverse are devoid of denticulation, a minor feature, especially since the peripheral devices in those areas are fully on the flan and boldly defined. Several light adjustments over the middle and lower portion of Kings Louis bust are noted, common on Gloriam Regni silver coins, and were applied shortly after striking to bring the weight into the range of tolerance for the specific type. Vivid multicolored toning on both sides enhances the eye appeal and complements the superior technical quality.

The French Colonial Gloriam Regni issues of 1670, which derive their name from the Latin legend on the reverse, owe their existence to the efforts of Jean Baptiste Colbert. Succeeding Cardinal Jules Mazarin as Controller of France in 1661, Colbert obtained letters patent from the French crown in May of 1664 to establish the Compagnie des Indes Occidentales. The French West India Company, as it was also known, received a 40-year monopoly over trade in North America, parts of South America, and even parts of Africa. As was also the case in the British American possessions, there was a shortage of hard currency to facilitate this trade, and most transactions were carried out through the barter system.

Even before the establishment of Colberts Compagnie, proposals were made for the French crown to authorize coinage for circulation in Canada. The proposals of 1663 and 1665, however, were both unsuccessful and resulted in no coins being produced. Using his considerable influence with King Louis XIV in his capacity as Controller, Colbert was successful in having a decree issued on February 19, 1670, for a special coinage to be minted under royal authority for use in the territories controlled by the French West India Company. This decree, and a modifying one dated March 24, 1670, authorized mintages for three different denominations: 40,000 examples of the silver 15 sols; 200,000 examples of the silver 5 sols; and 2,400,000 examples of the copper double. Coinage began on July 7, 1670, at the Paris Mint and continued through September 9, by which time 41,569 and 202,453 pieces were struck for the 15 sols and 5 sols, respectively. Only a single copper double is known to exist, and it is believed that only a few examples of that denomination were struck due to problems encountered in the die preparation process.

The dies for the silver denominations are attributed to Jean Warin, engraver of the mint. The obverse of both types exhibits a portrait of King Louis XIV surrounded by a legend that proclaims Louis, by grace of God, the king of France and Navarre. On the reverse, a crowned royal French shield is surrounded by the Latin legend GLORIAM REGNI TVI DICENT, which translates as "They shall speak of the glory of thy kingdom." The date 1670 appears at the upper left, the mintmark A for the Paris Mint is at the lower border, and the small castle, or rook different is at the upper border. High quality planchets of 0.91667 fine silver were used for both denominations. The coins were delivered to the Compagnie des Indes Occidentales on September 13, 1670, after which the dies were destroyed.

Almost from the start the Gloriam Regni coins failed in their intended purpose. For starters, the authorizing decrees forbid the coins being repatriated to France. To encourage their use in the colonies nonetheless, Colbert and others hit upon a solution to increase the value of the Gloriam Regni coins by 33 1/3 percent. Thus, the 5 sols was revalued to 6 sols, 8 deniers and the 15 sols was revalued to 20 sols, or 1 livre. Even this expedient failed, however, as merchants in the British and Spanish colonies, and elsewhere, valued the coins based solely on their precious metal content without regard for their nominal value as stated by the French government. Few examples ever reached Canada, as a result, and most of those that did see circulation in other French colonies such as those in the West Indies were melted once they found their way into the hands of foreign merchants. In the end, the economy of New France continued to function on the barter system, the short-lived Gloriam Regni coins having no lasting influence.

With most examples destroyed through melting, the silver Gloriam Regni coins are scarce to rare at all levels of preservation. Produced in limited numbers, the 15 sols is a legendary rarity with only 14 examples positively confirmed to exist as of our March 2015 offering of the Donald Groves Partrick-Henry P. Kendall Foundation specimen. With the copper double unique, the 5 sols is the only readily collectable Gloriam Regni issue as far as most collectors are concerned. In an absolute sense, however, the 5 sols is scarce with a Rarity-4 ranking for the type as a whole. Each of the 21 known die marriages merits at least a Rarity-7 rating per Sydney F. Martin in his highly detailed work French Coinage Specifically for Colonial America (2015). The coin offered here is from the Martin 6-D pairing, the finest examples of which known to Martin are an AU-55 and AU-50 in the authors personal collection. Easily at the upper reaches of Condition Census for the variety, and one of the few Mint State examples of the issue as a whole certified by PCGS, this is a significant French colonial coin that is sure to see spirited bidding among advanced specialists.