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首席收藏网 > 数据中心 > Stack's Bowers and Ponterio > SBP2024年6月加州#1/2/5-美国钱币

Lot:1048 1789年东佛罗里达卡洛斯四世公告奖章 PCGS XF 40 1789 East Florida Carlos IV Proclamation Medal

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世界钱币>纪念章

USD 25000

SBP2024年6月加州#1/2/5-美国钱币

2024-06-18 00:00:00

2024-06-20 06:00:00

PCGS XF40

USD 0

SBP

预展

1789 East Florida Carlos IV Proclamation Medal. Breen-1080, Herrera-133, Medina-148. Bronze. EF-40 BN (PCGS).Approximately 34 mm. 290 grains. Thick diagonal reeding on edge. An absolutely extraordinary specimen of this important early American rarity, the finest bronze example extant / we have ever encountered. Attractive medium olive-brown with mostly smooth surfaces. Very boldly struck on a nice broad planchet, and showing exceptional detail for the type. No evidence is double striking is seen, and the struck is notably misaligned on the reverse and off-center to 7 oclock. The obverse is better centered, with the high, round peripheral border entirely outlined outside the die edge. The staggered denticulation is bold around the base of that side, while the border device is softer at the right and top. The portrait is nicely detailed. On the reverse, the strike is also very deeply impressed. Despite the off-center alignment the border device is pretty well defined, soft just at upper left. The fields show some hints of granularity, and some old encrustation has been gently removed from within the design elements, leaving hints of rose here and there. A little flake of verdigris is present outside the reverse border near 3 oclock. The rims show some significant bruises, more visible on the obverse than reverse, and some minor old pin scratches are visible to the upper right of the flower device on the reverse. Despite its flaws, the eye appeal of this piece wildly surpasses that of other bronze examples seen, including the Syd Martin specimen and the one in the April 2021 Partrick sale.

There appear to be just four of these known in bronze. None are finer than this one.

1 - <em><strong>The present specimen</strong></em>.

2 - The Partrick coin (Heritage April 2021, lot 3011). Earlier, from our (Bowers and Merenas) March 1990 sale, lot 1283 (though the earlier provenance was not included in the Partrick catalog). VF-25 (NGC).

3 - The ANS Specimen. Probably VF or better sharpness, but holed.

4 - The Syd Martin example. Earlier, unearthed in Culpepper, Virginia; our ANA Sale of August 2012, lot 11165.

The Wayte Raymond example (NASCAs T. James Clarke sale, June 1978, lot 3644) reappeared in the April 2021 Partrick sale as lot 3010, described as silver (and certified by NGC as such).

Few early American medals have such an interesting origin story. After Carlos III of Spain died in December 1788, the wheels of the Spanish Empire turned slowly to install the trappings of a new monarch in all of Spains dominions. Though Carlos IV became monarch upon his predecessors death, the official celebration of his ascension in Madrid didnt happen until September 1789. In Saint Augustine, Florida, it took a full year, and the event was scheduled for the first weekend in December 1789.

As the first proclamation celebration since the Spanish retook Florida from Great Britain at the treaty table after the American Revolution, governor Manuel Vicente de Zespedes had every good reason to make a splash with the event. As noted in Helen Hornbeck Tanners 1960 article The 1789 Saint Augustine Celebration, published by the Florida Historical Society, the celebration was large even though Saint Augustines population was small, a scant one thousand people. Tanner describes how Zespedes, in a prosperous and grateful mood...ordered a quantity of silver medals for distribution during the celebration honoring the new monarch. A military procession, led by Zespedes son, was followed by a brief religious ceremony, celebrated by Father Thomas Hassett, an Irish priest who had moved to Saint Augustine from Philadelphia. After these formalities, Tanner writes, the portraits of the new monarchs were unveiled...simultaneously the air was shaken by the discharge of field pieces mounted at the end of the plaza...[and] in the midst of this joyous din, Governor Zespedes flung into the crowd the silver medals commemorating the great occasion. Most of these medals were seemingly spent as four reales, whose weight they paralleled. While the silver examples, of which just five are known, had a clear valuation as four reales coins, these bronze pieces were more difficult to categorize on either side of the coin vs. medal divide. All are well worn. One is holed and clearly spent many years being displayed. One reached Virginia where it was lost in a Civil War-era context, suggesting that it was circulated as a Federal cent. It seems likely all of these eventually served as coins at some time during their useful life, perhaps as coppers, or cents, or eight maravedi pieces. While the coin or medal question seems insurmountable to modern numismatists, people who spent coins like that made the question simple: it was a medal when it was displayed and cherished, and it was a coin when it was spent.

Though desirable for its distinctive geographical origin, this issue of Spanish Florida is also special for its cultural origin. Spains first entrees into North America preceded those of other Old World powers by nearly a century. Saint Augustine, founded 1565, was already a civilized place by the time Jamestown and Plymouth were first trod upon by the English. This rare piece is one of the few numismatic relics of the presence of the Spanish in what became the continental United States (the 1760 Florida Proclamation pieces and the 1817-18 Texas jolas are the only other ones that comes to mind). Picturesque and historic, this rarity will take a place of central interest in a cabinet of distinction. Its is a signal opportunity when a new example of a classic rarity is discovered. Very rarely does a new discovery of such an important type sit atop the census as a new finest known.