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首席收藏网 > 数据中心 > Stack's Bowers and Ponterio > SBP2023年11月加州#3-瑰宝之夜

Lot:3145 1795 Capped Bust Right Half Eagle. Small Eagle. BD-3. Rarity-3+. AU-53 (PCGS). CMQ.

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世界钱币

USD 33000

SBP2023年11月加州#3-瑰宝之夜

2023-11-15 06:00:00

2023-11-15 09:00:00

USD 45600

SBP

成交

1795 Capped Bust Right Half Eagle. Small Eagle. BD-3. Rarity-3+. AU-53 (PCGS). CMQ.Scarce AU quality for this popular and eagerly sought issue in the Capped Bust Right half eagle series. Traces of proof-like reflectivity remain in the fields, subtly contrasting the sharp and well-detailed design elements. The strike is impressive in an early U.S. Mint coin, both sides ideally centered on the planchet with only trivial softness in the center of the reverse. The eagles eye is discernible, however, a feature that is often absent even on Uncirculated survivors of this type. Uncommonly vivid and deep pink and rose colors that outline the attractive design elements enhance the eye appeal. BD Die State c/b.<p>As part of the Act of April 2, 1792, that established the United States Mint and defined the nations monetary system, gold coins in $2-1/2, $5, and $10 denominations were authorized. The law also instituted a requirement that the treasurer, chief coiner, and assayer must post a personal surety bond of $10,000 each before they could produce gold and silver coins. This was an enormous sum of money for the era which could not be met. Consequently, the first coins struck at the newly opened Philadelphia Mint were half cents and large cents. Realizing the difficulties in coming up with the surety bonds, Congress reduced the requirements enough that the production of silver coinage could commence. It would not be until 1795, three years after the authorizing act was passed, that there was enough gold bullion on hand to begin production of gold coins.<p>The work of designing and engraving the new denominations fell to Robert Scot after Joseph Wrights term as engraver was cut short when he died in one of the annual yellow fever epidemics that plagued Philadelphia. The obverse of all three gold denominations bear a representation of Liberty facing right flanked by stars and wearing a cloth freedmans cap, with the legend LIBERTY above and the date below. The reverse features a delicate small eagle with spread wings holding a wreath in its beak and clutching a palm frond in its talons. The initial delivery of the nations first gold coins took place on July 31, 1795, when 744 half eagles were transferred to the treasurer by the chief coiner.<p>As is often the case, there were some growing pains at the new mint, in particular with extending die life. The Bass-Dannreuther reference has identified eight obverse dies and nine reverse dies used in 12 separate combinations for the 1795 Small Eagle $5 issue. Die reuse in the early days of the Mint was prevalent; a die would be kept in service until failure, often regardless of the date engraved on it. While Mint records indicate that 8,707 half eagles were delivered during calendar year 1795, it is widely believed that many more were actually struck bearing the 1795 date, possibly as many as 12,106 pieces. This common practice made annual mintage figures a poor indicator of the actual number of coins struck for many issues. With this modest beginning, the half eagle entered circulation and soon was popular in commerce, rapidly becoming the workhorse gold denomination in preference over the eagle and half eagle.<p>The BD-3 variety offered here is the most available of the known die marriages of the 1795 Small Eagle $5. About 2,000 to 3,000 coins are believed to have been struck using this die pair. That said, the mass meltings of gold coins that occurred in the 1820s and 1830s took their toll on the variety, leaving only 200 or so specimens, primarily at the AU level. Interest in the 1795 Small Eagle $5 as a collectable dates to the beginning of numismatics in America during the 1850s when Philadelphia collector and dealer J. Colvin Randall first described the different die varieties of the issue. Ever since then, the 1795 Small Eagle has remained very popular with early gold connoisseurs and type collectors alike.PCGS# 8066. NGC ID: 25ND.

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