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首席收藏网 > 数据中心 > Stack's Bowers and Ponterio > SBP2023年11月加州#1-Sydney F. Martin集藏

Lot:1006 (Ca. 1777-1809) Indian Trade Silver single crowned heart brooch by Robert Cruikshank, Quebec. 30.0 x

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USD 1800

SBP2023年11月加州#1-Sydney F. Martin集藏

2023-11-14 01:00:00

2023-11-14 05:00:00

USD 2400

SBP

成交

(Ca. 1777-1809) Indian Trade Silver single crowned heart brooch by Robert Cruikshank, Quebec. 30.0 x 20.0 mm. Covenant Chain, p. 124, fig. 104. Extremely Fine.24.2 grains. Marked RC in a conforming cartouche, the documented and well known mark of the famous Scottish-Canadian silversmith Robert Cruikshank. A remarkable example of the currency of the American frontier, an elegantly formed and fully signed specimen of Indian Trade silver of the sort manufactured for British fur traders during the era of the American Revolution and the decades after. This simple form stylizes the "crowned heart brooch" design that was first used in the early 18th century, as discussed and illustrated in Hamiltons <em>Silver in the Fur Trade</em>, p. 132. As Hamilton notes "crowned-heart brooches evolved from small early cast forms," and this one displays a form that some natives called an "owl brooch," evoking two large round eyes and a heart-shaped body. While most forms had a lobate cut-out beneath the "eyes," this piece places Cruikshanks mark there instead.<p><p>While many different styles and configurations of crowned heart brooches are illustrated in William Beauchamps 1903 <em>Medallic Ornaments of New York Indians</em>, mostly on plate 14, neither this particular design nor its maker is illustrated. Hamilton cites a Cruikshank marked heart brooch in an anonymous collection (possibly this piece) on p. 222. Cruikshank is better known for larger trade silver items like crosses, armbands, and large brooches, but he also made smaller items. Hamilton cites a receipt dated 1801 to trader Angus Mackintosh, based near Windsor, Ontario, that enumerates an order from Cruikshanks shop of 16,000 small brooches and 5,000 large brooches, in addition to eight large armbands, 30 large crosses, and more. <p><p>A typical heart brooch (or related ring brooch of various designs) is rather flimsy, cut from the thinnest possible silver sheet. These sorts were almost always unmarked and distributed in shocking quantities; some sources suggested they circulated as shillings in the American frontier. This piece is much more substantial and well made. Its surface is even dark gray, mostly smooth but for some trivial surface scale on either side of the mark. The pin is intact and operational.<p><p>William Guthman was arguably this countrys greatest expert on frontier Americana of the colonial and early Federal period. His substantial collection of Indian Trade silver was sold at auction in 2006, broken up into several lots. This was the only marked heart brooch, though he also owned two Cruikshank crosses and a pair of Cruikshank armbands. As the single most famous maker of Indian Trade silver in this era and a man whose output dwarfed the shops of other silversmiths in the trade (including the Richardsons of Philadelphia), his mark is occasionally crudely copied by modern makers of replica trade silver. This piece is guaranteed authentic, with the sort of refinement and surface appropriate to a piece made by his hand during his lifetime.<p><p>An example of an identical Cruikshank heart brooch is illustrated in the 1980 <em>Covenant Chain</em> catalog of the exhibition of Indian Trade Silver by the National Museum of Man (then in Ottawa, now relocated to Quebec and called the Canadian Museum of History). The illustrated piece, of the same design and dimensions, remains in the collection of the Canadian Government.<p>.<strong>To view supplemental information and all items from the Sydney F. Martin Collection, click<a href="https://stacksbowers.com/sydney-f-martin-collection/"target=’_blank’> here.</a></strong>.From the Sydney F. Martin Collection. Earlier ex the William Guthman Collection; Northeast Auctions (in conjunction with Bonhams and Butterfields) sale of the William H. Guthman Collection, October 2006, lot 924A (part); John Kraljevich Americana, November 2008.

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